South Sorong Regency is known as one of the biggest shrimp producer in West Papua Province. This result can be observed from the data of West Papua Province in 2018 stating that total shrimp production in South Sorong Regency was 4,007.30 tons with the fishery production value of IDR91,653,993 while Kaimana Regency was 1,271.68 tonnes with a total production value of IDR61,001.055. Shrimp production which reached 4,007.30 tonnes consisted of giant tiger shrimp, banana prawn, giant freshwater prawn, tiger prawn, crayfish and other shrimp.
Fisher’s perform shrimp fishing activities in Warungge Waters. The fishers conduct their fishing activities limited to one day only due to the close shrimp fishing location and using only a <7 GT fleet. Besides that, the fishers use a trammel net.
Catches that are often found by fishers are banana prawn (Penaeus merguiensis) and tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). However, fishers mere mainly catch banana prawn. In addition to that, there are other catches (bycatch) which are not fully harvested by fishers. One of bycatches often found by fishers is the Eeltail catfish because it does not have a market to sell.
Fishers’s haul, which is shrimp, already have a fixed market chain in several companies. One of them is PT. IMPD (Irian Marine Product Development) located in Sorong City. PT IMPD is a processing company that sells frozen products whose commodities are captured directly from nature. PT IMPD sells shrimp products not only domestic, but sales are carried out overseas such as Japan.
Able to expand the shrimp market to foreign countries is certainly not an easy thing for companies, especially in maintaining the quality of shrimp in order to remain in good condition. Over time consumers are increasingly selective in choosing a product. Consumers of today not merely choose from the quality of product hygiene, but consumers also want to have an environmentally friendly product, and consumers themselves will not hesitate of buying a product where the price is quite sumptuous as long as the quality of the product is guaranteed.
The environmentally friendly product intended is that it pays attention to sustainability in proper environmental management. For example, environmentally-friendly shrimp products where during shrimp fishing activities, the fishing gear used is environmentally friendly and does not damage the environment in which the shrimp lives and preserves shrimp stocks in the future, so that small shrimp have the opportunity to grow into adult shrimp which later may spawn.
WWF-Indonesia, with the support of the USAID Sustainable Ecosystem Advanced (USAID SEA), is currently implementing a Fisheries Improvement Program (FIP) that aims to improve sustainable fishing practices and management. PT IMPD, which applies as a shrimp processing company, is requested to work together in this effort, to welcome the FIP program. WWF-Indonesia targets PT IMPD as a FIP objective because the company already owns a market chain to foreign countries and holds a commitment to producing shrimp product by paying attention to the surrounding environment and stock sustainability.
PT IMPD is currently a pre-member of Seafood Savers and is in the process of becoming a full member of Seafood Savers. Seafood Savers is a WWF-Indonesia initiative to bridge industrial players in realizing sustainable Indonesian fisheries. The program of Seafood Savers is to create sustainable fisheries through cooperation mechanisms with companies engaged in the fishing industry. The cooperation is carried out by assisting companies to receive MSC (Marine Stewardship Council) certificate for capture fisheries and Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) for aquaculture. The relationship between Seafood Savers and FIP is to develop a fisheries improvement program which will then be applied to companies involved in Seafood Savers.
WWF-Indonesia conducts an assessment of the fulfillment of Better Management Practice (BMP) intending to provide supporting data in fisheries improvement and of course, assist fishers to implement the FIP program through BMP assistance. Besides, the fishery catch program that is unused currently in the planning process to be utilized as a product that has a sale value by conducting training in processing fishery products in order to have sale value and to raise people’s excitement in entrepreneurship.
The work plan that is going to be conducted for the next three months is the application of logbooks for small fishers, starting with the socialization of the use of fisheries logbooks, trial use of logbooks and monitoring the use of fisheries logbooks. Then, for the implementation of FIP, agreements will be made with stakeholders, conducting MSC training, MSC initial assessment, and supplier improvement.