As one of the important Indonesian marine commodities, tuna is ranked second in both export value and volume terms after shrimp. Data from the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries’ Directorate General of PDSPKP indicates that Indonesia’s total export volume in 2017 of the Indonesian TSK (Tuna Skipjack Kawakawa) was 106.850 tonnes for non-value added product (whole round tuna) and 96.594 tonnes for value-added products (cans, pre-cooked frozen loins)¹.
Tuna stock sustainability is essential for the future of Indonesia’s marine resources. Therefore, fishing practices should be conducted in compliance with fisheries management and regulatory arrangements. A number of key stakeholders have joint responsibility in ensuring the sustainability of tuna fisheries including the government, tuna business players, environmental NGOs and research institutions.
Seafood Savers WWF-Indonesia is a platform to support seafood business players in their pursuit for supporting and developing sustainable fisheries. In particular, Seafood Savers assists their members (as producers and exporters) in working towards obtaining Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification – an independent, globally-recognized standard for sustainable fisheries.
In July 2018, one of Indonesia’s major tuna processors – PT Pahala Bahari Nusantara (PT PBN) – joined Seafood Savers to establish a Fisheries Improvement Project (FIP) for its purse seine tuna supply chain. The initial cooperation was marked by the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and Pre-Membership Cooperation Agreement.
Established since 2009, PT PBN processes skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), sourced from several different tuna fishing gear types, including purse seine, into pre-cooked loins for export. Headquartered in West Jakarta, this company markets its product to Europe, Asia, Middle East and America. PBN works in close partnership with global tuna trading company, Tri Marine, which is also taking a pro-active role in the establishment of FIPs for PBN’s Indonesian tuna supply chains.
“PT Pahala Bahari Nusantara is pleased to become a member of Seafood Savers. We are very committed to establishing a robust FIP for our purse seine supply chain, starting with conducting a pre-assessment and developing a FIP action plan. We do hope all key purse seine fishery stakeholders, together with PBN, will have a strong commitment and participate proactively to make this project successful to ensure our tuna fisheries are sustainable” said Herry Yanto, the Managing Director of PT PBN.
The MOU and Pre-Membership Agreement signing sets the foundation for PT PBN to complete the pre-assessment and action plan, after which they will progress to officially becoming Seafood Savers members. An MSC pre-assessment is being undertaken for the purse seine fishery to identify areas requiring improvements relating to target stock health, the broader ecosystem and fisheries management systems. A FIP Action Plan will be developed outlining the activities which need to be undertaken by various purse seine fishery stakeholders to achieve the necessary improvements.
As Seafood Savers members, PT PBN, in partnership with Tri Marine International and WWF-Indonesia, will establish the purse seine FIP in key fishing grounds located in Southeast Sulawesi waters, FMA 714 and 715. All stakeholders involved in the scheme believe that the synergy will accelerate the effort of achieving sustainable fisheries in Indonesia.
1 http://kkp.go.id. 13 March 2018. Ekspor Tuna Cakalang Tongkol Indonesia 6 Tahun Terakhir (2012-2017), Kondisi dan Harapan. Downloaded on July 25th, 2018. (ekspor-tuna-cakalang-tongkol)