Fish population worldwide is decreasing (Marine Bio, 2019). If it’s not handled properly, it will surely threaten our future generation, they will not be able to consume this nutrient-rich food. Seafood, caught and farmed responsibly is quality guaranteed products. Meaning that community can fulfill their nutrients need through high quality seafood. Seafood caught with non-environmental friendly manner, such as using cyanide, not only will effect the freshness, but also its preservation. In addition, decreasing amount of species that leads to extinction from a habitat could make them prone to diseases (The Waterfront Restaurant, 2016). Sustainable fisheries ensure consumers to get high standard seafood products, where products stock is supported by sustainable practices.
Sustainable fisheries practices are targeted to ensure fisheries resources benefit continuously. The practice of sustainable fisheries covers a wide range of aspects. Among others, the use of environmentally friendly fishing gear, making sure the size of the catch, not involved in Illegal Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing practice and management of cultivation to minimize, or reduce negative effects from environment and social life without reducing its economical value.
Undeniably, majority of small fishers in Indonesia still live underprivileged. If implemented well, sustainable fisheries surely will benefit 2,7 million fishers in Indonesia (cf. Rahman 2015). Instead of reducing, sustainable fisheries practices allegedly will increase production. One of the example is flying fish production in East Flores projected to increase per 2029, by managing live bait, and establishing fishing quota regulations (Adityarini, Seafood Savers 2018).
FAO data shows that the global production enhancement reached 16,5 million tonnes, or around 32 million dollars. For example, by joining the MSC certification programme, caught-fish suppliers are able to directly maximize its operational management. Which are, risk management regarding waste management and improving workers welfare which will effect on the increasing quantity and quality of production.
Sustainable fisheries benefit all community layers. If sustainable fisheries run well, fisheries industry will be able to contribute more additional income up to 83 billion dollars per year (World Bank 2015 via Fish Forward). In Indonesia, fisheries contribute to state’s income around 59,98 trillion, or around 3,71% from total of gross domestic product (GDP) in third quarter of 2018 (Tempo 2018, Kata Data 2019). In other words, sustainable fisheries if implemented well according to its guidelines, will give many benefits not just for fishermen and suppliers, but also consumers, even the country.