The assessment of fish sustainability resource is only based on economic parameters, following with the change in the epitome of development towards sustainable development paradigm, assessment of fish sustainability resource includes more aspects than mere economics. The interactions of these aspects become an indicator of the sustainability of the fishing business. Some of these aspects include ecological, economic, social, technological, ethical, and institutional aspects. The effort to make use of fish resources optimally, sustainably, and eco-friendly is a very urgent demand, especially to improve the welfare of fishers and fish farmers; fulfill the nutritional needs of the community; expand employment; and business opportunities. Now is the time where the management of domestic fisheries resources needs to go sustainable and eco-friendly. Although it is not an easy matter to achieve sustainable fisheries, support is required from all elements to stimulate the sheer potential for sustainable products in the domestic market.
A roundtable discussion was held on 12 February 2020 by the SFP, WWF Indonesia, WCS, MSC, and the Lini Foundation as an effort to support Indonesia towards sustainable fisheries fully. This roundtable discussion was fully supported by the DITJEN PDSPKP KKP (Directorate General of Strengthening Competitiveness of Maritime and Fisheries Products, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries) and the retail / wholesale representatives also invited. The roundtable discussion with the theme “domestic market and supply chain towards sustainable fisheries” includes two main points; the efforts to strengthen fishery business actors in the domestic market towards sustainable fisheries and discuss issues as well as challenges faced by sustainable fisheries products in the domestic market.
The roundtable discussion was decorated with a brief presentation session that displayed perspectives by each representative regarding the domestic market and sustainable fisheries. This activity also explains the latest information about the situation on the field, current policies, and solutions offered regarding sustainable fishing.
Artati Widiarti, as the representative of the Marketing Director of the PDSPKP DITJEN, expressed her appreciation and aspirations. She said, “MMAF welcomes initiatives carried out by government support partners who have held a roundtable discussion agenda so that it can become a forum for the government to hear constructive opinions and criticisms to fulfill sustainable fisheries in Indonesia.” On this occasion, the MMAF also delivered a strategic program to Increase Fish Consumption consisting of; The synergy of the activities of GEMARIKAN (Movement to Promote Fish Consumption), increasing the added value of products, increasing access to domestic marketing, developing facilities and infrastructure as well as public participation. Emphasizing the GEMARIKAN program and figures is considered as an essential strategy in strengthening the FORIKAN community (Forum for Increasing Fish Consumption). Thus, it is believed to be able to drive the economy of the fisheries business in the domestic market, especially sustainable products that are expected to continue to grow in the upcoming years.
However, Indonesia’s desire to achieve sustainable fisheries practices to apply from upstream to downstream seems to meet an obstacle, which includes the availability of sustainable seafood products that are difficult to obtain and have relatively higher prices. The location of fish suppliers, the majority of which are located outside the Island of Java, is one of the burdens that have an impact on lunging high product prices. The uncertainty amount of stock or the difficulty of meeting the amount of stock demand becomes another obstacle in the process of obtaining these products.
As a phase towards sustainable fisheries, existing constraints and problems must be used as a reference to formulate the best strategies. The first step that can be accomplished is to support retail or hotel suppliers to FIP for selected commodities. It is expected that with good synergy from upstream to the downstream chain of command, it may improve the implementation of FIP to a national level for business fisheries. Helping on growing a sustainable business, give significant consideration to the environment and making sustainable products as a highlight in the country.