The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political, and economic challenges facing our world1. 17 SDG’s that was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in 2015 showed proof and utter commitment by world leaders in facing the current world problem. The agenda of creating and maintaining a hospitable planet and peaceful environment for humans in the next 15 years, hoping to become fruitful.
Ocean has been a life source for human being since thousands of years ago. It has become a vital bloodline to support our daily lives, foremost as a place to find foods. Study shows that about 200 billion pounds of fish and shellfish are caught each year2. Fisheries of today provide about 16% of the total world’s protein with higher percentages occurring in developing nations. Fisheries are still enormously important to the economy and well-being of communities3. In today modern society, the practices of obtaining food from the oceans have led to irresponsible practices and exploitation of the ocean natural resources. A range variety of unsustainable activities from bycatch and overfishing cause the depleting and extinction of certain species in our ocean if continued it will indefinitely degrade the oceans.
Overfishing, for instance, is catching too many fish at once, so the natural breeding population becomes unbalanced and are too weak to recover. Overfishing often goes hand in hand with bycatch practices when commercial fishing haul in massive amounts of fish within those pile non-target species are included such as dolphins, turtles, and juvenile fish, which are then discarded.
SDG’s 14 life below water, focuses on human interactions with the ocean, seas, and marine resources4. The deteriorating condition of the ocean drives SDG’s 14 to take direct action and solution to maintain the problem at bay. Responsible fishing and aquaculture are one way to recover the degrading natural sources of the ocean today. The implementation of responsible fishing and aquaculture can be noticed through the WWF-Indonesia seafood savers initiative platform. Its purpose is to give appreciation to businesses which carry out responsible fishing and aquaculture practices. This process is strengthened by encouraging the businesses parties to acquire a well-recognized international eco-label certification of Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) and Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC).
Currently, the seafood savers initiatives have successfully engaged the Indonesia domestic market. With a total of 21 companies (3 of which have been certified) joining the seafood saver initiatives, people are starting to realize how important sustainability is. An effort like these is not only beneficial for the environment itself, but to all of those who participate in it. Becoming an acknowledge international eco-label certified business company will uplift their company name world-wide. Spreading their market initially local to become global.
Through initiatives in particular of the WWF-Indonesia Seafood Savers initiatives, hopefully, it can ensure sustainable fisheries and aquaculture. Achieving food security and improved nutrition, income generation for small-scale food producers, selective fishing, and establish sustainable food production systems in islands and coastal regions, particularly in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCS)5, which all of the points mentioned above are in accordance with SDG’s 14 Life below water key interactions goal.
UNDP. Background on the goals. Retrieved from https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/background/ (8/20/19)
Marine Bio. Ocean Resources. Retrieved from https://marinebio.org/conservation/ocean-dumping/ocean-resources/ (8/21/19)
Schmidt, S. et.al. Sdg14 Conserve And Sustainably Use The Oceans, Seas And Marine Resources For Sustainable Development. Retrieved from https://council.science/cms/2017/03/SDGs-interactions-14-life-below-water.pdf (8/21/19)