Reef fish fishing is indeed to be prominent in Indonesia’s valuable fish commodity. It is undeniable that Indonesia’s geographical area has a vast expanse of coral reef ecosystems, making reef fish as one of the welfare providers of fishers on the Indonesian coast. This high potential turned out to have many challenges that needed to be resolved together. Moreover, this fishery activity was dominated by small scale fishermen with a large fleet of no more than 5 GT, with simple fishing gear, in particular, fishing rods, longlines or gill nets.
The challenge comes from several sectors ranging from registering inventory of the fleet to relevant agencies, data collection, and fish quality handling because often the practice involves a long cold chain of supply. The results of this identification then summarized in the focus plan for the implementation of fisheries improvement (FIP) in the first year of CV Indotropic for operational areas in Banggai Regency, Coastal Banggai and The islands of Banggai and Central Sulawesi Province.
Indotropic is a reef fish exporter company, which joined Seafood Savers at the end of 2017 with a focus on improving reef fish from grouper, snapper, emperor fish, and other types of reef fish. This improvement agenda is carried out as a result of mutual agreement and the company’s primary needs in improving fishing practices under its supply chain specifically, and fisheries practices in Central Sulawesi in general.
This improvement agenda will begin with studies in regards of the impact of reef fishing with fishing poles and longlines through the RBF (Risk-Based Framework) method in collaboration with academics through a process of mutual discussion with all relevant stakeholders. This scheme is done in conjunction with the fishers inventory data of mongers for the legalization of the fleet in the registration of small vessels, BPKP (Fishing Vessel Record) collectively, to increase in the capacity of fish mongers in handling quality fish. “Collaboration is indeed the key in the implementation Reef Fish FIP, which is well agreed between companies and NGOs which able to enhance each other’s role to fill out the work plan,” stated Mr. Kasrim, as Head of Purchasing and FIP Coordinator of CV Indotropic in discussing the first year of the FIP.
The FIP work plan for 5 years that has been assembled collaboratively will be carried out in public consultation with related agencies titled FIP stakeholder meeting to communicate the planned improvement and socialization of the RBF study that has been carried out. Data is one of the crucial indicators in the implementation of FIP, considering its function as a foundation in making management policies. This data collection will be coordinated communally with the stakeholders involved related to the latest developments in the condition of fish stocks either through catch parameters per unit of business or refer to the fisheries biology standards.
Interestingly, reef fish have different characteristics when compared with other commodities. Reef fish have a high level of diversity and variety, and most of the species are included in the low-cost fish category. Watching over this, fish species that are in the focus of improvement has been carried out in detail through discussions with the company. High expectations for the implementation of CV Indotropic reef fish FIP able to manage well and continue to progress, so that it can be an example of exceptional collaboration between the business sector, the private sector, government, and other institutions involved in implementing improvements to the practice of reef fishing in Indonesia