More than 40% global tuna catch are caught with fish aggregating device (FAD). Most people think that this method is efficient to catch tuna. However, this method has higher risk in catching non-target species and juvenile tuna than other methods, which can ensnare non-target species like sharks and sea turtles. Therefore, the improvement of fisheries management in Regional Fisheries Management Organization (RFMO) level, including the improvement for FAD management, are needed to overcome the issue and to prevent overfishing on target species and bycatch (ISSF, 2019)
The purse seine fishing gear in Indonesian waters, especially in Kendari, is also highly dependent on FAD in their fishing operation. This results in higher potential on bycatch, both juvenile and endangered, threatened, and protected (ETP) species. This issue shows that there’s a need of a set of guidance that can guide the captain and the crews of armadas with purse seine fishing gear so that they can understand the mitigation and bycatch management, as well as its implementation during fishing.
For these reasons, WWF Indonesia attempted to conduct training and development of Better Management Practices (BMP) in order to build capacity and understanding of fishers to minimize and mitigate high composition of juvenile tuna from the catch of purse seine and to handle ETP bycatch. The training was held on 9-10 November, 2020 in Ocean Fishery Harbor Kendari (Pelabuhan Perikanan Samudera Kendari). There were 48 participants in the training consisting of captains and crews from 25 purse seine armadas in Kendari.
The training started with a speech from Head of Ocean Fishery Harbor Kendari, Ir. Mansur, MM. In his remarks, he expressed his support on the training and hoped that the training could increase the fishers’ capacity on information regarding permitted capture fishery practices in Indonesia.
In the beginning of activity, all participants were asked to fill pre-test form before getting trained. Throughout the training, the participants also received various interesting and useful subjects from the related institutions. Out of all subjects, some of them were: Permit Policy and Fishing Boat Registration in Southeast Sulawesi by Femmy, S.Pi (Head of Capture Fishery Facilities and Infrastructure Section); Monitoring Policy and Catch Report by Recky Pangemanan, S.St.Pi, M.Si (Head of Harbor Operational and Harbormaster Affairs); Endangered and Vulnerable Biota and Permitted Size of Tuna Catch by Jupri, M.St.Pi (Fishery Resources and Maritime Management Body of Makassar); and Bycatch Handling on Purse Seine Fishery by WWF Indonesia.
During the discussion session, the participants was allowed to deliver questions to the speakers. Before the closing agenda, the participants were also asked to fill post-test and activity evaluation forms for the future training.
Other than training, this activity also gave space for discussion where the participants could share their experiences and challenges that they usually face. The committee received a lot of valuable inputs for materials regarding to management practices and bycatch mitigation effort from the participants, which was very useful to perfect the BMP document for sustainable capture fishery.