Berita & Publikasi

Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No.12 / 2020: Utilization of Lobster, Crab, and Rajungan or Small Crab (An Expectation in the Management of High Economical Value Commodities)

Author: Ayu Nikki Avalokitesvari(Seafood Savers Member Relations Assistant) -  
Translated: Ayu Nikki Avalokitesvari


Sustainability of Marine Resources is the responsibility of all parties, one of which is the government. Recently, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia issued Ministerial Regulation No. 12/PERMEN-KP/2020 concerning Management of Lobster (Panulirus spp.), Crab (Scylla spp.), And Rajungan (Portunus spp.) In the territory of the Republic of Indonesia. The regulation, promulgated on May 5, 2020, in Jakarta, is a revision of Ministerial Regulation No. 56/PERMEN-KP/2016 concerning Prohibition of Catching and/or Removing Lobster (Panulirus spp.), Crab (Scylla spp.), and Rajungan or small Crab (Portunus spp.) from the territory of the Republic of Indonesia.

In general, there are some fundamental differences between these two Ministerial Regulations. However, the managed objects are still the same, namely Lobster (Panulirus spp.), Crab (Scylla spp.), and Rajungan or small Crab (Portunus spp.). Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No.12/2020 provides more detailed regulation than Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 56/2016. Ministerial Regulation No.12/2020 regulates matters relating to seed utilization, exports, catch size, used fishing gear (must be static/passive), cultivation, supervision and procedures, sanctions for violations, utilization of commodities that have been arrested but not following the provisions, and etcetera.

The most prominent regulatory adjustments are found in Lobster commodities. The Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 56/2016 prohibits the sale of Lobster seeds for cultivation[1]. In contrast,  the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 12/2020 precisely allows the cultivation and export of Lobster Clear Seeds (Puerulus) with Harmonized System Code 0306.31.10 and/or Young Lobster with Harmonized System Code 0306.31.10 in the territorial waters of the Republic of Indonesia. Along with this decision, a series of rules were made to oversee the sustainability of Lobster commodities, such as the rules governing the quota and location of Lobster seedlings, which were promulgated through Director General Decree No. 51/2020[2]. Through this Ministerial Regulation, the CTF also requires Lobster cultivators to carry out domestic cultivation and involve the local community/cultivators, accompanied by an obligation to release 2% product of the aquaculture Lobster to nature, according to the size of the harvest[3].

Lobster -Windi Rizky/ WWF-ID
Lobster – Windi Rizky/ WWF ID

Besides, to facilitate the process of monitoring and evaluation, each small fisher who catches the Bening Lobster Seed and its exporters must be registered with the Director-General of capture fisheries. In contrast, the cultivators must be registered with the Director-General of aquaculture[4]. Until now, the government has permitted nine companies that are allowed to export Lobster seeds while evaluating their performance regularly[5]. Furthermore, regarding the rules of catching conditions, the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation 12/2020 requires that the Lobster must not be in laying egg condition, with a carapace length of more than 6 cm and a weight of more than 150 grams/pieces, for the type of Sand Lobster (Panulirus homarus)[6]. Meanwhile, for other types of Lobster, the carapace length should be more than 8 cm and weigh more than 200 grams/pieces[7]. The existence of this new regulation is expected to have a positive impact on Lobster production in Indonesia, as more and more regions in Indonesia can do Lobster farming while still heeding the sustainability of these high economic value commodities.

In the Crab commodity, the fundamental difference is in the regulations regarding Soka Crab culture. Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation 12/2020 requires Soka Crab farmers to do hatcheries after three years of business[8]. This decision is intended to make the Crab commodity remain sustainable. Although indeed, for entrepreneurs, this decision might be a little difficult, because Soka Crab hatchery requires a different infrastructure than just maintenance, and can impact on the capital needed. Furthermore, regarding the rules of catching conditions, the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation 12/2020 requires the Crab must not be in laying egg condition (except the December-end of February) with a carapace width of more than 12 cm and a weight of more than 150 grams/pieces[9]. This size is smaller than the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 56/2016, namely carapace size of more than 15 cm and weighs 200 grams /pieces.

Kepiting - Windi Rizky / WWF ID
Kepiting – Windi Rizky / WWF ID

In contrast to the other two commodities, the rules regarding Rajungan or small Crab appear to have not changed significantly. The rules for catching conditions in the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 12/2020 are still the same as the previous Ministerial Regulation No. 56/2016. The small Crab must not be in laying egg condition, with carapace widths of more than 10 cm and weighing more than 60 grams/pieces[10].

Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 12/2020 does provide more detailed regulations. However, what is noteworthy is the determination of future scientific analysis methods that will be used in determining the amount of the stock of seeds that can be utilized. Also, a shared commitment to carry out the management of Commodities lobster, Crab, and Rajungan or small Crab in a sustainable manner is a matter that should be on guard. Therefore, let’s work together for the sustainability of our Marine and Fisheries Resources, dear #Seavers! #WeChooseToSave

[1] Article 7 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 56/2017

[2] https://industri.kontan.co.id/news/kkp-tetapkan-kuota-penangkapan-benih-lobster-di-wilayah-pengelolaan-perikanan-ri?

[3] Article 3 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 12/2020

[4] Article  5 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No . 12/2020

[5] https://m.merdeka.com/uang/pemerintah-terus-evaluasi-9-perusahaan-yang-diizinkan-ekspor-benih-lobster.html

[6] Article 2a Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 12/2020

[7] Article 2 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 56/2016 and Article 2 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 12/2020

[8] Article 7 clause 3 E and F Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 12/2020

[9] Article 7 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 12/2020

[1o] Article 4 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 56/2016 and Article 8 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No 12/2020.

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